The Fourth Commandment



Galatians 1:6
"I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel."


Hebrews 4:4:

"For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: ' And God rested on the seventh day from all His works.' "


 This article will be on the fourth commandment as written in the book of Exodus; chapter 2.


To those who have read my past articles you may remember that I have previously written on this subject, in my series The Feasts of the Lord.  The Feast days can be found in Leviticus chapter 23. The Sabbath is the most mentioned the most feared, and the most controversial feast in the Bible. It is also the fourth commandment.


In the book of Galatians, Paul writes to the brethren with fear of another gospel being taught.


Galatians 1:9:

"As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed."


This scripture must be put into proper context before we continue.  First it must be understood that Paul was speaking to the gentiles and not to the Israelites at the time. Paul was speaking of circumcision.  The Jews who had converted to this new faith, were claiming that the only way to righteousness was through the obeying of the Mosaic law. These are the ordinances the Creator gave to Moses concerning the sacrifices, washings, bodily discharges, circumcisions, etc. Some of the Jews taught that the Gentiles who had converted to "Christianity" were not truly “Christian” until they had become circumcised. Paul explained to the Galatians that this was not the case. He asked them why they had left the things which he had taught them.


Galatians 1:7:

".......but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ."


He then goes to remind them that the Gospel which he preached did not come from man but from God.


Galatians 1:11-12:

"But I make known to you brethren that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through the revelation of Yahoshua the Christ."


I begin this article this way for I to fear that a different gospel has been preached and many people who want to follow the way of the Messiah have been deceived by this different gospel.


Revelation 12:9:

"So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world....."


Before we continue I feel the need to review. I have stated that the Ten Commandments are the Preamble to the Constitution of The Nation of Israel. Not just the physical nation of ancient Israel;


Exodus 34:28:

"So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.";


But also the spiritual nation of Israel, the church.

Jeremiah 31:33:

"But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people."

When Aaron was the high priest the law was written on clay tablets.  Now that our high priest is Yahoshua the law is written on our hearts and mind.

Every nation must have laws to govern themselves, and the Ten Commandments are the foundation for the Kingdom that Yahoshua will bring. In order to understand who we are we first must understand the covenant, which are the commandments.

The first commandment allows us to know Who it was that led Israel out of Egypt {Yahovah} and. For us today, it would be the One who led us out of sin. {Yahoshua} We are not to have any other gods but Him.

The second commandment teaches us who we are, to whom we belong, and our purpose for being. We do this by not worshipping idols or graven images.

The third commandment teaches us His name and we are told not to use His name in vain, which means wickedly. Just as we take the name of our physical father so He will give His name to His children and we will have the name of our spiritual Father.

Revelation 2:17:

".......To him who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna to eat. And I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it."


Jeremiah 14:9:

"........Yet you, O Lord, are in our midst, and we are called by your name; do not leave us."

This brings us to the fourth commandment.

Exodus 20:8-11:

"Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work; you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gate. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it."

I have already written about the Sabbath, but that was in the context of the feast days. As with the other feasts, which are yearly Sabbaths, the weekly Sabbath teaches man the plan of God. The Sabbath points to the rest which is to come.

Hebrews 4:9:

"There remains therefore a rest for the people of God."

Please for a true review I ask that you go back and read the articles on the Sabbath day as a feast.

The Sabbath is a commandment, one of the big ten.  It is Fourth on the list. The first four commandments teach man how to love God. Love is a verb; an action word. It is something that must be done. So many people are hurt by the ones who say, "I love you," the most. Saying the words does not constitute love. Doing; constitutes love.


Matthew 22:36-38:

“‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?' Yahoshua said to him, 'You shall love the Lord with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the first and great commandment.' "

I say again; the first four commandments teach man how to love God.

John 14:15:

"If you love me keep my commandments."


Romans 13:10:

" is the fulfillment of the law."


The Sabbath is a commandment, we show God we love Him by keeping His commandments, therefore by keeping the Sabbath we show God we love Him. So it is in this context that I wish to write about the Sabbath, the fourth commandment of God.

Let us look at it line by line.

Exodus 20:8:

"Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy."

This commandment is already different from the first three. God is telling Israel to remember the Sabbath day. He says this as if they had already been told about it.

Let us go back and remember the context in which Israel is being given the commandments. They had just come out of the wilderness after escaping from the bondage of Egypt. They had been directed to the foot of Mt. Sinai, where the Lord was speaking to them. Here He gave them the commandments. It was here He told Israel to remember the Sabbath.

Prior to them reaching this point in time the people had left Egypt and were crossing a great wilderness. They began grumbling to Moses about food. They claimed he had brought them out of Egypt to die in the wilderness. Hearing their complaints the Creator told Moses He would rain bread down from heaven for them to eat. The people would then gather food according to their needs. This was to be done five days a week. On the sixth day they were to gather double the amount, and they were not to gather any on the seventh day. We shall pick up the story here.

Exodus 15:22-26

"And so it was on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread...........'This is what the Lord has said; Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord......' So they laid it up till morning as Moses commanded. Then Moses said, 'Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord.........Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, there will be none."

Remember this took place prior to the giving of the Ten Commandments. When the Creator told them to remember the Sabbath day it was because it had already been given to them.

Exodus 20:9-10:

"Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God........."

Here we find He is repeating the words He had told them earlier in Exodus 16:26.  They were to work for the first six days of the week, but on the seventh day, the last day of the week, they were to do no work, and they were to rest.  

Exodus 20:10:

" it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates."

Again it is plainly stated, no one under your roof, not even your animals were to work. All were to rest.

This begs the question: Why????? Why are we to work six days and rest on the seventh? It should be enough that God says to do it, but He gives us more than that, He explains His reasoning. Let us listen, if you have ears to hear.

Exodus 20:11:"For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day."  


We are to work the first six days of the week and rest on the seventh; for that is what the Lord had done.  Can you hear what He is telling us? Let us go back even further, back to where the Sabbath is mentioned for the first time. This is prior to the events at Mt. Sinai or the receiving of the manna from heaven.


Genesis 2: 1-3:

"Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made."


What exactly is going on here? What Is He trying to tell us?


Genesis 2:4:

"This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created."


God is letting us know that he rested on the seventh day from creating the heavens and the earth. This makes Him the Creator of the universe. He, through His Sabbath is telling us again who He is, and what He has done. He created the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and all that is in them. He is the Creator, and the Sabbath is the day we are to rest and remember who He is.


We have gone back, now let us go forward. After the commandments were given Moses was called back up to the mountain where He communed with God. During this time Moses was given some more of the ordinances that Israel was to live by. One of these can be found in Exodus:


Exodus 31: 13

".....Surely my Sabbaths you shall keep for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you."


To be sanctified is to be set apart.  Here god is letting us know that by keeping the Sabbath we are being set apart for his purpose.  One already being set apart from, the rest of the world.


He explains the Sabbath in even more detail calling it a sign between Him and His people.


Exodus 31:17:

"It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed."


A sign is simply something that gives information. A road sign gives  information about directions and commands, which a driver must obey. A sign can also give information about identity and purpose. For example, "Johnnies Drug Store", this sign tells the reader what the purpose of the building is and who owns it.


So it is with the Sabbath. It is a sign for the children of Israel and the world. It is to let all people know that the Israelites are the people, the Creator of the Universe has sanctified. By keeping the Sabbath we show the world we are the people the Creator of the Universe has set apart, for His purpose, and what is that purpose?


Exodus 19:6:

"And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation."


Yet one might ask how this applies to us today; wasn’t that just for the ancient Israelites.  Surely we are not to do this today.


1Peter 2:5:

"You also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jehoshua the Christ."


1Peter 2:9

"But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light."


Some of the people who live in the nation of Israel today are called Jews and are considered to be God's people, why? Is it because they live in Israel? No, it is because they keep God's Sabbath, the seventh day. The Messiah kept the Sabbath.


Luke 4:16:

"So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as his custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read."


Matthew 12:8:

"For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."


If we keep another day as His Sabbath then are we not being turned to another gospel, just as the Galatians had been?  Nowhere in the bible does the lord command us to stop keeping the Sabbath On the contrary; throughout the manuscript; God's people are told to keep His Sabbath. Just as Ancient Israel was led out of Slavery in Egypt to claim their rest, so we, His spiritual nation, were led out of the bondage of sin to claim our rest. By resting on the Sabbath, as commanded, which is the seventh day, we claim that gift which is to come.


By keeping the Sabbath we are telling the world who we are. By keeping the Sabbath we are keeping the sign. The sign which informs, those who choose to read it, that the one who created the heavens and the earth, separated us to become kings and priests of His Holy nation. By keeping the Sabbath we are proclaiming to the world that we are His people waiting for our rest, which shall be found in the kingdom. By keeping the Sabbath we are announcing the gospel of the Kingdom of God. By keeping the Sabbath we are following His commandment.


Revelation 22:14:

"Blessed are those who do His commandments that they may have the right to the tree of life and may enter through the gate into the city."


I said that the first four commandments teach us how to love God. By keeping them we are showing our love. They also give us our identity. They tell us who the Being was that led us out of bondage, who our true Father is, and who we are. They give us our purpose, show us our destiny, and reveal to all the world, that the God whom we worship is the Creator of all things.


I pray that in some way this information has helped you in your quest to know your Father and to understand the Kingdom just a little better. So until next time my please take care.